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What Is the Ultimate Skin Care Routine?

To take perfect care of your skin, you have to be disciplined. You cannot skip cleansing in the morning or use an anti-aging cream occasionally. The big question is what the best skin care routine is. This short guide will help you to answer it. Follow the tips below to ensure that you will get the desired results.

Choosing the Right Products

The first factor which you should base your choice of products for your skin care routine is your skin type. There are cleansers, moisturizers, masks and other essentials designed especially for oily, dry, combination, normal and sensitive skin. Just keep in mind that hydration is important for all skin types when making a choice.

The next factor to consider is your age. Usually, the products are divided into decade-based categories – 20’s, 30’s, 40’s and 50’s and over, as they reflect accurately how the skin changes over time. The third factor to consider is whether you have any specific issues that you need to target such as acne, wrinkles or uneven pigmentation. Once you have the right products, you can build an excellent skin care routine to use daily and weekly.

The Best Daily Routine

Perform the following steps in the morning:

Cleaning – A gentle cleanser will help you to remove the excess sebum which has built up on your face at night.

Toning – The job of the toner is to keep the skin tight and to prevent the clogging of the pores. You need to apply only a thin layer of it.

Moisturizing – The ideal moisturizer provides both deep hydrating and protection from free radicals. You will benefit from using a product with SPF 15 or higher. If you have oily skin or simply don’t like wearing heavy makeup during the day, consider a product with tint which will mask blackheads, dilated pores and other imperfections and let the skin breathe at the same time.

The steps to perform in the evening are similar:

Cleaning – You can use the same cleanser as in the morning. Still, if you wear heavy and/or water-resistant makeup during the day, you may want to use a potent makeup remover beforehand.

Night cream application – Use a skin care products which targets your particular problems. Most treatment creams work best at night because this is the time when the skin recuperates. Remember that sleeping for at least 8 hours every night should also part of your beauty routine.

The Ideal Weekly Routine

There are some home skin care treatments which should be used weekly rather than daily. These are:

Exfoliation – Use a product which is especially designed to remove the dead cells from the topmost layer of the skin. This helps to remove impurities and to stimulate the production of new cells. If the classic scrub is too harsh for you, consider exfoliants based on fruit acids.

Mask application – The main job of a facial mask is to extract impurities, but you can also get deep hydration and nourishing. Apply the mask after taking a shower or a bath for best results and don’t keep it on for longer than recommended.
It’s time to start following the ultimate skin care routine.

Who Is the Best Candidate for Freckle Removal?

While some believe that freckles are cute, most people who have them prefer to get a completely clear complexion. There are various treatments for achieving this. Let’s take a closer look at them so that you can decide which one could be ideal for you given its effectiveness and level of safety.

Topical Treatments

There are various over-the-counter and prescription creams for freckle removal. Some contain bleaching agents like hydroquinone, kojic acid and vitamin C. Others use retinoids like retinol which stimulates cell turnover to help make the skin tone even once again. The topical treatments are effective, but usually take weeks to work. Unless you have sensitive or very dry skin, you are a good candidate for freckle removal creams.

Treatment with Laser

Laser therapy is becoming more widely used for all sorts of skin imperfections and uneven pigmentation is not an exception. The lases sends pulses of light down the skin and they target the pigmented cells and destroy the melanin in them. Initially, your freckles may get darker, but after a few days, the pigment will come to the surface of the skin where it will get released naturally with the dead cells.
Unless you have photosensitivity, you are a good candidate for laser freckle removal. It is worth noting that this type of treatment works best for people with lighter complexion. Since most people who have freckles belong to this category, you can expect to achieve great results. Usually, it takes around 3 to 5 sessions to get rid of the problem completely.

Microdermabrasion for Freckle Removal

This procedure involves resurfacing of the skin using a mechanical tool especially designed for the purpose. Since freckles form in the topmost layer of the skin, this type of treatment is considered to be highly effective. It works for fighting other signs of aging too. While microdermabrasion is less harsh on the skin compared to dermabrasion, you can still expect redness and minor irritation after the treatment. That is why it works best for people who don’t experience skin sensitivity. It typically takes several sessions to get the desired results.

Chemical Peels

The active ingredients in the peels work to resurface the skin. This is how you get rid of the pigmentation and other imperfections such as fine lines and wrinkles. Chemical peels are considered to be more potent compared to microdermabrasion, but they are also harsher on the skin. That is why people with normal, combination and oily skin are the best candidates for this freckle removal treatment.

Final Thoughts

When deciding on the best freckle removal treatment for you, you should always consider your skin type and tone. If you have any concerns, you should consult a dermatologist who can aid you with making the right decision. In general, all of the treatments may cause some kind of irritation or discomfort, but when they are mild, this is usually not a cause for concern.
The key thing is for you to take measures for keeping the results after your freckle removal treatment has come to an end. The most important one is sun protection. Apply sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher every day before you go out and avoid exposure to direct sunlight as much as possible.

What Are the Best Age Spot Creams?

Hormonal changes and photodamage work together to cause age spots, which tend to get higher in number and darker in color, as the years pass. However, there are effective ways to treat this problem and get more even complexion. Check out the best types of age spot creams which you can use.

Vitamin C Creams with Exfoliating Ingredients

As one of the most potent and gentlest natural skin bleaching ingredient, vitamin C always produces good results. One of its major advantages over other ingredients is that it can also provide protection against photodamage. Vitamin C is often combined with an ingredient which helps to remove the heavily pigmented skin cells effectively to give you enhanced results. Most often the exfoliating agent used is salicylic acid. It is worth noting that age spot creams with vitamin C are usually formulated for use during the day. They also have a moisturizing effect.

Hydroquinone Creams

These age spot creams are among the most potent thanks to their active ingredient. Hydroquinone works to halt pigmentation by inhibiting an enzyme which is essential for melanin production. Even though it is used in low concentration, usually 4%, it is extremely potent. It is known for producing results very quickly compared to its counterparts. You can expect to see improvement within a month after you first start applying your hydroquinone cream. Because the active ingredient is very potent, there is a higher risk of side effects including redness and irritation. Still, in most cases, the skin can tolerate the treatment.

Retinoid Creams

These are among the best age spot creams for several reasons. Unlike the bleaching ingredients, retinoid stimulates the natural skin cell turnover. This means that over time, it will help to diminish age spots and possibly eliminate them completely. Retinoid also helps to smooth fine lines and wrinkles and to prevent the clogging of pores because of the way in which it works.

Given all their benefits, retinoid creams make well-rounded anti-aging skin care products. Still, there are some precautions which you need to take. You should apply this type of product only before going to bed to avoid increased photosensitivity. Additionally, you should wear sunscreen during the day to protect your skin and prevent uneven pigmentation in the future. Some people may experience irritation when applying a retinoid cream for the first couple of days, but then this would normally subside.

Kojic Acid Creams

Just like hydroquinone, kojic acid is a bleaching agent. It works to keep melanin production at bay and as a result the age spots become lighter. The creams with this active ingredient, however, are not as potent as those based on hydroquinone, meaning they take longer to produce results. At the same time, they are usually gentler on the skin. This is the reason why they are usually recommended as the best choice of treatment to people with sensitive and dry skin.
When it comes to choosing one of the age spot creams available in the market, always consider the main active ingredient in the first place, but don’t forget to evaluate its other properties too.

What Are the Benefits of Vitamin C, Kojic Acid, and Hydroquinone?

Uneven skin pigmentation, usually in the form of sun spots and age spot, is a beauty problem for many people. While there are a lot of products available to treat it, making a choice can prove to be challenging. That is why it is best to focus on the active ingredients and find out what exact benefits they can bring to you. Let’s take a closer look at vitamin C, kojic acid and hydroquinone – the major ingredients used in skin care products for achieving even skin tone.

Vitamin C Works in More Ways than One

This compound is one of the most powerful antioxidants and brings multiple benefits. It helps to treat UV photodamage that is skin pigmentation. In this respect, it practically works as a bleaching agent. At the same time, it can provide protection from the UV rays of the sun and the damage which they cause including not only sun spots, but also fine lines and wrinkles. Its effect is even more potent when it is combined with vitamin E, another powerful antioxidant.

Vitamin C helps you fight aging even more defiantly by stimulating the production of collagen in the skin. Collagen makes the skin firmer and plumper and the result is a more youthful look. Because of its collagen boosting property, this vitamin is also present in creams for reducing acne scars, birth marks and other imperfections Another one of its major benefits is that it helps to reduce sensitivity. That is why it is highly recommended for people with dry and sensitive skin.

Kojic Acid

This is a natural chemical compound synthesized from organic substances. Its main effect on humans when applied topically is reduction of pigmentation such as freckles, sun spots and age spots. It works by reducing the production of melanin, meaning it counters the care cause of the problem. Since kojic acid is very potent it is used in small concentration in creams and similar products designed to treat uneven pigmentation. It can produce good results without causing side effects when used correctly.

Hydroquinone

This chemical compound works in a similar way to kojic acid. It inhibits the production of tyrosinase, which plays a role in the formation of melanin. This is how it can help to treat uneven pigmentation. When you apply a hydroquinone cream on the affected areas of the skin, it literally acts as a bleaching agent and make them lighter. This is how you can get even skin tone over time.

Just keep in mind that the products based on this ingredient, with the most common ones being 4% hydroquinone creams, should not be used over the long term. It is recommended that they are applied in cycles with each cycle lasting as many as 4 months. During your four-month break, you can use another type of product formulated to fight pigmentation like a cream with kojic acid, for example.

Overall, all three ingredients, vitamin C, hydroquinone and kojic acid, work effectively and safely for getting rid of uneven pigmentation when used correctly. It is always best to confirm that you are dealing with this problem and not with a mole or another growth by getting a check by a dermatologist first.

What Is Skin Resurfacing?

It’s natural for people to want to achieve perfection in everything that they do and in the way in which they look too. Skin resurfacing is one of the major methods for removing imperfections from the face, neck, hands and the rest of the body. These range from wrinkles, fine lines and age spots to scars left by acne, diseases, injuries or surgical treatments. There are three main types of skin resurfacing treatments and each one works in a specific way to produce the desired results. It is worth looking at all of them.

Laser Skin Resurfacing

This is the trendies of beauty treatments at present. It involves using pulses of strong light for removing the topmost layer of the skin and heating the layers below. This triggers a natural response in the body. It produces new skin cells to heal itself. As a result, the skin becomes smoother and softer. The application of heat stimulates collagen production. With more of this essential compound, the skin becomes plump again.
Given its effects, laser skin resurfacing has a wide range of applications. It is used extensively as an anti-aging treatment for the removal of fine lines, wrinkles, age spots and sun spots and for fighting sagginess which usually occurs on the face and neck. This treatment can also be helpful for removing different types of scars including acne scars. It usually works best for scars with small to moderate depth.

Chemical Peels

These skin resurfacing treatments have been around for quite some time. A specially formulated mixture is applied on the face and often on the neck too. It has to stay on the face for a short period of time. Then it is removed gently. The purpose of the peel is to remove the topmost layer of the skin and stimulate skin regeneration. This doesn’t happen immediately, however. The process is gradual and make take up to several weeks to be completed.
While chemical peels trigger the growth of new skin cells like the laser treatment does, they don’t provide the same high stimulation to collagen production. That is why it typically takes longer for people to get the desired results. Still, they work well for removing various types of imperfections, from age spots, discoloration and wrinkles to acne scars. They help for brightening the skin too.

Dermabrasion Treatments

Dermabrasion is the medical name of mechanical exfoliation. The treatment involves the use of a specially designed device for removing the topmost layer of the skin. It has to be operated by an experienced dermatologist, of course. Microdermabrasion offers less deep skin resurfacing. There are even microdermabrasion tools designed for home use.
One of the key things which make dermabrasion and microdermabrasion stand out is that the treatment can be performed with an advanced precision tool which has a very small tip. This allows the dermatologist to target fine lines, wrinkles and spots in small and sensitive areas such as those around the eyes and the lips. That is why microdermabrasion is often used for enhancing the effects of chemical peels.
When choosing a skin resurfacing treatment, you need to consider your skin type to make the best decision.

How Does Laser Scar Removal Work?

The body has its own natural mechanisms of healing wounds. They always work, but often have side effects in the form of scars. Since scars are natural, they are quite challenging to remove. Laser scar removal is one of the newest treatments available. It is considered to be more effective than the application of topical creams and less invasive compared to surgical procedures. Let’s take a closer look at how it works.

This treatment is designed to trigger the growth of new skin cells that will replace the damaged tissue. This is achieved by causing injury at microscopic level and/or by heating the deeper layers of the skin to stimulate collagen production. There are three distinctive types of laser scar removal treatments at present. It is worth exploring them individually.

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How Does Microneedling Work?

If you are not well-familiar with medical skin treatments, you may have not heard of microneedling. However, this therapy has been used by dermatologists for decades. Find out what it is, how it works, what benefits you can expect and what the level of safety is.

What It Does

This therapy involves poking small holes on the skin with the use of a specially designed needle device. It is usually a roller covered with tiny shallow needles, but it could also be a pen with needles at the top. The holes are practically microscopic injury. That is why the body’s natural reaction is to heal them by producing more collagen. This is similar to what bodybuilders do to stimulate the production of lean mass.

The Procedure

After cleaning your face, the dermatologist will apply anesthetic cream to the skin area which will be treated. It is worth noting that microneedling is designed not only for the face, but for all parts of the body. The next step involves the application of lubricant, which is usually water-based for maximum comfort. Then the dermatologist rolls the microneedling device over the skin of the patient.
One session typically takes less than half an hour. Just like with most minimally invasive treatments, several sessions are typically necessary. After the treatment, the patient’s skin is red, usually resembling the effects of sunburn. However, the redness goes away fairly quickly. The results are observed in the following weeks and months as collagen production isn’t a fast process.

What Can It Help With?

Traditionally, microneedling has been used as a treatment against scars and acne scars, in particular. However, in recent years, it is becoming highly popular as an anti-aging therapy. With the stimulation of collagen production, the depth of fine lines and wrinkles can be reduced considerably. The treatment is often used for targeting the fine lines and wrinkles around the mouth and on the upper lip. It also helps to make the face plumper and this naturally gives the patient a natural youthful look. One of the less common applications of the therapy is for treating stretch marks on various parts of the body from the abdomen and the chest to the legs.

Is It Painful?

Most patients experience mild to moderate discomfort during the microneedling procedure. The therapy is also claimed to be less painful compared to laser resurfacing. However, since every person has different pain tolerance, it is best to talk to your dermatologist first, if you have any concerns.

Is It Safe?

This anti-aging and scar treatment is generally safe for people who do not have skin conditions and severe skin allergies when it is performed by a qualified professional. Even though there are microneedling devices designed for home use, home treatments are associated with a higher risk of injury and infection of the skin. There is also the risk of an allergic reaction if the wrong creams and serums are applied before and after the procedure.

The Verdict

Overall, microneedling brings positive anti-aging and scar removal results while having a high level of safety. If you can tolerate mild pain, you may consider using

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